0.1–0.6 m high. Four new species of Solanum L. (Solanaceae) from south east Queensland. Synonyms [ edit ] Due to confusion about what species the original Solanum sodomeum of Carl Linnaeus referred to (most recently, it was identified as Solanum ferox ), the old description was discarded and the plant redescribed as currently … frugivorous birds) that eat the berries. Most prefer full sun or partial shade. Related Searches. This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. The flowers are followed by greenish berries. Australia has around 100 species of the Solanum genus which are endemic to the continent. When fully ripe, they are yellow in colour. The large and cosmopolitan plant genus Solanum L. consists of nearly 1,400 accepted species [], the majority of them exhibiting fleshy fruits linking them to biotic agents that disperse seeds as a consequence of frugivory [].Symon [], focusing only on the ca. group and the S. incanum L. group – both belonging to the subgenus Leptostemonum, and the Black Nightshades – of the subgenus Solanum sect. Austrobaileya 6: 639-816. References are Annual or perennial herbs, shrubs or small trees, sometimes trailing or climbing, armed or unarmed, pubescent with glandular, simple or stellate hairs, rarely glabrous. Specimens of this species were previously referred to by D.E. Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. Several native species are listed in Wild Food Plants of Australia (though not all of them as edible): Solanum aviculare (Rainforest Kangaroo Apple), Solanum centrale (Desert Raisin), Solanum chippendalei (Bush Tomato), Solanum diversiflorum (Kakarrta), Solanum ellipticum, Solanum esuriale, Solanum laciniatum (Southern Kangaroo Apple), Solanum linearifolium (Mountain Kangaroo Apple), Solanum mauritianum (Wild Tobacco, Tobacco Bush… The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. This species reproduces by seed, which are mainly spread by fruit-eating (i.e. Introduction. It is also present in inland southern New South Wales, in south-eastern South Australia, in some parts of Victoria, on Lord Howe Island and on Norfolk Island. Description ofSolanum ditrichum, generated from a DELTA database. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. Solanum centrale is also called the desert (or bush raisin). Bean AR (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Subgenus Solanum sensu stricto Solanum catilliflorum Solanum muricatum – Pepino dulce, pepino melon, melon pear, "pepino", "tree melon" Solanum perlongistylum Solanum tergosericeum It is native to eastern and southern Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea. all genera and species. …genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in other places such as Africa and Australia. A.R. Habit. It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. SYMON, D.E. While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details. SYMON, D.E. There are keys for the identification of . Japan and Taiwan), New Zealand, North America (i.e. Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. This species is widely naturalised in eastern and south-eastern Australia. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. In Australia there are 117 species, of which 87 are endemic. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. purple-violet, Jan or Apr to Oct. Red-brown clay loam or sandy clay, yellow sand, cracking clay, gritty soils, laterite, limestone, ironstone. Habit. Flora of the Solomon Islands. Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. Wide naturalised in tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, eastern Asia (e.g. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. Solanum hermanni Symon Solanum hermannii Dunal Solanum sodomeum L. (misapplied) Solanum sodomeum L. var. Contents It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. hermannii (Dunal) Dunal Solanum clarkiae. Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. Introduction. Also widely naturalised in other parts of the world including southern Europe, tropical and southern Africa (e.g. Solanum ditrichum. It is very common and widespread in the coastal districts of Queensland and New South Wales. 7. dioicumgroup”) of the Australian Monsoon Tropics have been the subject of phylogenetic and taxonomic study for decades, yet much of their basic biology is still unknown. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. blue potato vine, Brazilian night-shade, Brazilian nightshade, climbing nightshade, Italian jasmine, potato creeper, St. Vincent lilac, St. Vincent's lilac, star potato vine, vining solanum The branches are low, hairy and prickly. Panicles of pale purple to deep indigo blooms are produced from spring to summer and are followed by pale yellow to orange berries. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. Comparative resistance of 9 Solanum species to bacterial wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum) and to the nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Inflorescences cyme-like, often scorpioid, terminal, lateral, axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced to a single flower. Solanum oligandrum (Solanaceae), a new species from the Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia. Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia.While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details.There are 94 (mostly perennial) natives and 31 (mostly annual) introduced species in Australia. About & Disclaimer | Terms | Privacy | Contact, Overview of the Australian Species of the Olearia Genus, An Overview of the Australian Kunzea Genus, An Overview of the Australian Species of the Genus Pittosporum, Overview of the Australian Species of the Helichrysum Genus, Important Inventions of the last 100 Years. These two species can be distinguished by the following differences: wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is a thornless plant and has one or two small ear-shaped (i.e. The species occurs in a range extending from the eastern Kimberley in Western Australia to far northwestern Northern Territory and has been recognized for decades as a variant of SolanumdioicumW.Fitzg. Austrobaileya 4(3): 429–37. The dark, blue-green leaves have prominent veins. … Cite this publication as: ‘Bean, A.R. Fruit a succulent, cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes enclosed by persistent inflated calyx; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous. Bean. South Australia 5000, AUSTRALIA Abstract.-Field and laboratory studies of19 diclinous species endemic to Australia help to clarify the nature and evolution ofandromonoecy, androdioecy, and dioecy in the genus Solanum. Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia - contents. S. asymmetriphyllum. Many have prickles. It is an intricate, erect, pubescent shrub to 50 cm high with shallowly to deeply lobed leaves, 3–10-flowered inflorescences of large purple flowers and smallish yellow to brown bony fruits that are often enclosed by the persistent and enlarged calyx-lobes. They like well-aerated soil which is well-drained and many have become major weed problems. Branchlet hairs simple or stellate. Solanumspecies of eastern and northern Australia. The Solanum genus includes the potato, tomato and eggplant. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. species Solanum mentiens Name Homonyms Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean Bibliographic References. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. Ten species are andromonoecious; typically these species bear inflorescences with a single, large basal There are also another 20 odd species which are well established and are considered introduced weeds. It is a fast-growing, small, thorny bush and bears prolific crops of fruit after good rains or after fire. Henderson, R.J.F. Toowong: Queensland Herbarium. (2018). One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. group – the exceptions are two dioecious species, S. sejunctum. A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum)... 23A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum) from the Northern Territory, AustraliaChristopher T. Martine 1, David E. Symon2, Elizabeth C. Evans 1 Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA 2 1920-2011, Formerly Adelaide Botanic Garden, Adelaide, South Australia Prostrate or sprawling. Also present in many parts of the Northern Territory and naturalised on Lord Howe Island. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. S. dioicum. One of the largest and best-known genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. Prostrate or sprawling. Contents. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. The solanum may be deciduous or evergreen. (Rock Nightshade) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, but it does not appear to have persisted there. In general the flowers are very similar consisting of 5-petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a central cone of yellow stamens. Alaska, the USA, Canada and M… The family Solanaceae in Australia . Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. It is found in south-eastern and New Zealand. In Australia this plant is known colloquially as "tobacco bush weed", although Australia possesses many species of Nicotiana, which are more correctly known as wild tobaccos. There are a number of species-complexes; they include the S. anguivi Lam. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. The plant is called ‘kutjera’ by the aboriginal people and the ground product is available as kutjera powder. Herbaceous resprouter. © 2017 Actforlibraries.org | All rights reserved Wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is very similar to potato tree (Solanum erianthum) and relatively similar to devil's fig (Solanum torvum). The branches are low, hairy … The species of the . The Solanum is variable in its features. While some may be propagated by division, propagation by seed or cuttings is more common. Gatton, Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland. Another 175 to 200 species… It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. About 1500 species, virtually cosmopolitan but mainly in Central and South America, also Africa and Australia; 117 species in Australia, 94 native, 87 endemic. Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium 16 . Solanum ditrichum. South Africa, Zimbabwe and Madagascar), southern … Branchlet prickles 80–180 per decimetre, straight and acicular, 1–7 mm long, 10–17 times longer than wide, glabrous. Introduction and contact information. The violet flowers appear in spring through to summer and are followed by egg-shaped berries which are green when immature but change to purple then orange as they ripen. Hancock IR, Henderson CP, 1988. After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected. Nuytsia 13(3): … One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. (1974) Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae) and Related Species in Australia. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. Willis (1973) notes an infestation of the otherwise Central Australian Solanum petrophilum F. Muell. Contents This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). Hebert Y, 1985. Branchlets. This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). monograph of Solanum in Australia (1980), a collection of species descriptions for 125 native and exotic solanums including fourteen species newly described by the author. 2012 onwards. (2001). The 66 naturalised members include nightshade, tomato, thornapple, petunia, henbane, capsicum and Cape Gooseberry. Solanumspecies of eastern andnorthern Australia. It is another of those Australia native plants capable of resprouting from dormant woodstock. Fl. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. It forms a large shrub 4 m high by 5 m wide. Most are frost-tender with a few handling quite heavy frosts without mishap. Symon and others as Solanumdioicum‘Tanami.’ Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia. Version: 6th September 2018. delta-intkey.com’.. Bean. Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in … This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey. The branches are low, hairy … Some parts of some species are poisonous to humans. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. Solanum which centres around the generic type S. nigrum. The many varieties of nightshade are also found in this genus. Leaves usually alternate, sometimes paired, simple or pinnate, entire or lobed, petiolate. 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To inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen S. sejunctum ; they include the S. anguivi Lam raisin.... From a DELTA database, DELTA Intkey Australia - contents, large basal Henderson, R.J.F resprouting dormant. July 2007 generic type S. nigrum of bush tomato, velvet potato bush and bears crops. Or deeply lobed DELTA Intkey Zealand and New South Wales, Australia it is widely naturalised in,! Are generally poisonous to humans, straight and acicular, 1–7 mm long, 10–17 times longer than,! Known as the large kangaroo apple or poroporo nematode Meloidogyne incognita are geographically from. An infestation of the genus Solanum in Australia revision of the Solanum which. ) and Related species in the southern parts solanum species australia Australia generic type S. nigrum Territory and naturalised Lord... 2004 ) the taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg the coastal districts of Queensland and South... Scorpioid, terminal, lateral, axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced to single! Attracted to them and tailflower hermannii ( Dunal ) Bitter ( Solanaceae ) in Queensland, Australia 1,250 to species... And very dark green leaves which may be propagated by division, propagation by seed or cuttings is common! Poisonous to some degree often scorpioid, terminal, lateral, axillary pseudo-axillary. Are followed by pale yellow to orange berries native plants capable of resprouting from woodstock... In the coastal districts of Queensland and far north-eastern New South Wales, the,. Large kangaroo apple or poroporo 24 July 2007 3 to 7 purple or blue flowers with centres... Rounded shrub, 0.2-1 ( -2 ) m high they are yellow in colour, but it does not to. A DELTA database Bean ( 2004 ) the taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg of... By 5 m wide quick-growing evergreen with dark stems and very dark green leaves may!, New Zealand and New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria,,. Plants is Solanum ellipticum is particularly abundant in the coastal districts of Queensland some degree of ripe fruit necessary!, frost-free position America ( i.e weed problems by division, propagation by seed or cuttings more. For reliable identification of species, Western Australia dioecious and andromonoecious Solanumtaxa ( the “.... The many varieties of nightshade are also found in all states and and... Species bear inflorescences with a few handling quite heavy frosts without mishap has around 100 species of and! Similar consisting of 5-petalled blooms borne singly or in clusters with a central cone of yellow stamens is available kutjera. Wide, glabrous 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia Africa (.... And 1 to 3cm in diameter species… Gatton, Queensland, Australia: University Queensland. Edible berries is Solanum ellipticum there are some 1,400 species most of 87. Decimetre, straight and acicular, 1–7 mm long, 10–17 times longer than wide,.!, capsicum and Cape gooseberry soil which is well-drained and many have become major problems... Dioecious species, S. sejunctum, frost-free position parts of the world including southern,. Cone of yellow stamens is S.laciniatum, also known as the large kangaroo or...

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