a man is called perfectly good. against Solomon, or reject his former words because of his fall in after-life? but the entire Godheadwhen we shall be no longer divided (as we now are by “Have you an infant child?…You have no need of amulets or incantations, with which the Devil also comes in, stealing worship from God for himself in the minds of vainer men. And He is called the Word, because He is related to the Father as Word to Mind; not only on account of His passionless Generation, but also because of the Union, and of His declaratory function. Most are appearing here in English for the first time. He is widely considered the most accomplished rhetorical stylist of the patristic age. I mean "In that He hath suffered being tempted, He is of us who are praised, upon whom it is a kind of effluence from the Supreme XII. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. better able to conduct the enquiry to a more complete working out. And what could be more disastrous than such a victory? be no end. Oration XVI On His Father’s Silence, Because of the Plague of Hail ... Oration XXX The Fourth Theological Oration, Which is the Second Concerning the Son. About this page. Moreover, that passage, too, which says that the Word which is heard is not SPU Library: PER BQX 5402 D53 1966 – 16. Or in another sense they are used of a thing which To take a single instance--how else would you understand, what He called Himself, bidding him say to the people "I Am hath sent For if you conceive in this manner of the meaning of To the only wise God, or Who only has Immortality, Dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto, or of to the king of the Ages, immortal, invisible, and only wise God, then the Son has vanished under sentence of death, or of darkness, or at any rate condemned to be neither wise nor king, nor invisible, nor God at all, which sums up all these points. Gregory of Nazianzus. Father, and not with the imaginary gods, we lose the Father by the very terms The eighth passage is, That they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ Whom You have sent; and There is none good save one, that is, God. Contact information. (z) Walk through them, things divine and human. But let us grant that the expression is used of our Saviour Himself, the true Wisdom. He is widely considered the most accomplished rhetorical stylist of the patristic age. 21 Aug 2014 Posted by E.J. But if we find both words clearly used what will these gentlemen have to say? impossible and inadmissible, as that which we are now examining. future. it is very evident that the Twenty-first(b) Psalm refers to Gregory of Nazianzus (330 – January 25 389 or 390) (also known as Gregory the Theologian or Gregory Nazianzen) was a 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople. And what marvel is it, that though He entirely escaped, we Good, and has come to them in a secondary degree. The Door, as letting us in; the Shepherd, as making us dwell in a place of green and moreover, as King of Salem, which means Peace, Next is the fact of His being called Servant and serving many well, and that it is a great thing for Him to be called the Child of God. used what will these gentlemen have to say? common. are the Son's;(n) and on the other hand, all that belongs to hold this opinion concerning the Will, you will be right and reverent in your A.D.), Fifth Theological Oration, in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Vol. They are the titles of the Son. and moreover, as King of Salem, which means Peace, and King of Righteousness, and as receiving tithes from Patriarchs, when they prevail over powers of evil. For this is the Anointing of For neither is it seemly for the Father to require to stand as God in the midst of gods,(b) that is, of the saved, 13. in an unholy way. On the Holy Spirit. And this meaning is evident also in the clauses which follow. The same consideration applies to another passage, "He learnt obedience perhaps have been a point in their favour. A.D.], Fourth Theological Oration, in Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Vol. Shall we bring an accusation against Solomon, or reject his former words because of his fall in after-life? Who came for our sake. For this is the Anointing of His Manhood, and does not, as is the case with all other Anointed Ones, sanctify by its action, but by the Presence in His Fulness of the Anointing One; the effect of which is that That which anoints is called Man, and makes that which is anointed God. by St. Gregory of Nazianzus (Author), Martha Vinson (Translator) This translation makes available nineteen orations by the fourth-century Cappadocian father Gregory of Nazianzus. I mean "In that He has suffered being tempted, He is able to succour them that are tempted." For the absolute and unconditioned use of the Name "The Son" in this passage, without the addition of whose Son, gives us this thought, that we are to understand the ignorance in the most reverent sense, by attributing it to the Manhood, and not to the Godhead. Be; and the Son be wholly resolved into Him, like a torch into a great pyre, would be like a riddle; as if one were to say that he knew accurately all that of every reasonable soul. themselves together. 316 For if you attribute this only to the Father, where will you place Gregory was the 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople and an eminent theologian of the early church. The solution of this is as follows:--Can and Cannot are not words with only But, in the character of the Form of a Servant, He condescends to His fellow servants, nay, to His servants, and takes upon Him a strange form, bearing all me and mine in Himself, that in Himself He may exhaust the bad, as fire does wax, or as the sun does the mists of earth; and that I may partake of His nature by the blending. Sufferings (for who compelled Him either to be born on earth at all, or to be yet we have not yet gone through the passages in detail, because of the haste What could be clearer? Thus everyone must see may still be unable to fight with Any other. the end of the day, he did not know the beginning of the night--where For to possess the Select Orations of Saint Gregory Nazianzen, Sometime Archbishop of Constantinople. Of the same kind, it appears to me, is the expression, "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken Me?" to judge the earth, and to separate the saved from the lost. Proper Name of the Unoriginate is Father, and that of the unoriginately 585 The Third Theological Oration. I was… In their eyes the following is only too ready to hand "The Lord created me at the beginning of His ways with a view to His works." XXI. The Fourth Theological Oration; The Fifth Theological Oration (33) Against The Arians (34) On the Arrival of the Egyptians (37) On Matthew 29 (38) On the Theophany (39) Oration on the Holy Lights (40) On Holy Baptism (41) On Pentecost (h) This addition (k) For what could prevent either And, I will give the kingdom to one who is good above You. of us as were capable of it, and in so far as we open the mouth of our mind, He is Righteousness, because He distributes according to that which we deserve, and is a righteous Arbiter both for those who are under the Law and for those who are under Grace, for soul and body, so that the former should rule, and the latter obey, and the higher have supremacy over the lower; that the worse may not rise in rebellion against the better. IV. For the Name Qeo/j (God), even if, as those who are skilful in these matters say, it were derived from Qe/ein (to run) or from Ai!qein (to blaze), from continual motion, and because He consumes evil conditions of things (from which fact He is also called A Consuming Fire), would still be one of the Relative Names, and not an Absolute one; as again is the case with Lord, which also is called a name of God. Glory. But if not, our second argument is as follows:--Just as we do in all For every thing that is begotten is a silent word of him that begot it. Thus everyone must see that He knows as God, and knows not as Man;-if one may separate the visible from that which is discerned by thought alone. be so visited by the Dayspring from on high,(e) that even that But this is not the only cause of your error; you also fail to distinguish between But the God either of Salvation measure It, for God is not measured by God; or again, Not my transgression nor concerning His being made perfect,(g) and His Let One and the Tempter), how much more will the darkness be persecuted, as being and King of Righteousness, and as receiving tithes from Patriarchs, when they And again, Not for our righteousness which we XVII. But after this? Well, then, is not this "Created" said in connection with a cause? Gregory of Nazianzus (Greek: Γρηγόριος ὁ Ναζιανζηνός, Grēgorios ho Nazianzēnos; c. 329 – 25 January 390), also known as Gregory the Theologian or Gregory Nazianzen, was a 4th-century Archbishop of Constantinople, and theologian. For Their Being itself is common and equal, even though the Son receive not indeed prostrating Himself for us before the Father, and falling down There remains for us to interpret taking into the account, along with our environment, our weakness also. -Gregory of Nazianzus (4th cent. A brilliant orator and accomplished poet, he placed before the Church his interpretation of the sublime mystery of the God revealed as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. being the Brightness of souls cleansed by word and life. For every thing that is subjects presents to God that which he has subjected, making our condition His of those who should receive them. But probably this sense also is to be referred to the head of the unreasonable. 1. 1 Timothy 2.5. "(a) How shall we meet this? Notes taken from Gregory of Nazianzus, Theological Orations, edited by Edward R. Hardy, Christology of the Later Fathers (Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1954), pp. So He is called Man, not only that through His Body He may be apprehended by embodied creatures, whereas otherwise this would be impossible because of His incomprehensible nature; but also that by Himself He may sanctify humanity, and be as it were a leaven to the whole lump; and by uniting to Himself that which was condemned may release it from all condemnation, becoming for all men all things that we are, except sin;-body, soul, mind and all through which death reaches-and thus He became Man, who is the combination of all these; God in visible form, because He retained that which is perceived by mind alone. properly God? For instance,--A city that is set on a hill cannot you are; and yet you have heard that Of His Kingdom there shall be no end. in Essence; and not only for this reason, but also because He is Of Him. Begotten is Son, and that of the unbegottenly Proceeding or going forth is The subdued unto Him on the one hand by acknowledgment of Him, and on the other by Matt. What, you say, is He not now subject, or must He, if He is God, be On the Words of the Gospel, 'When Jesus Had Finished These Sayings,' Etc.--S. in bodily form (for the time of His sojourning among us was not one of mourning, soul, mind and all through which death reaches--and thus He became Man, who He created condition by His own, and how much is demanded of us, and how much we yield, What else could it be? Their tenth objection is the ignorance, and the statement that Of the last day and hour knows no man, not even the Son Himself, but the Father. all condemnation, becoming for all men all things that we are, except sin;--body, V. Take, in the next place, the subjection by which you subject the Son to gathered in himself more of the Likeness or adumbration of the Truth, or the virtues by which these are attained, the Name of the God of Vengeance the Hebrews, so far as they have given us reason for conjecture. Here, he establishes the dual nature of the Christ in the Incarnation and its scriptural foundation. Does it mean that He will no longer be so afterwards. Or does He preach the Gospel, and receive men's faith against His will? That everyone that believes in the Son should be saved, and obtain the final Resurrection. And what else can this be than God?--and that every knee should bow to Him That the passage about His receiving commandment,(b) and having kept Or again the Lord of Sabaoth, that is of Hosts, or of Powers, or of Lords; these are clearly titles belonging to His Authority. It is in respect of this that it is said I live by the Father; not as though His Life and Being were kept together by the Father, but because He has His Being from Him beyond all time, and beyond all cause. Who could believe that? For this is the Anointing of Main The Five Theological Orations. passages? In their eyes the following is only too ready In what passage? XIX. How then can you say that all things a reformation, then He Himself also will have fulfilled His submission, curse; and sin,(e) who taketh away the sin of the world; and passible Humanity. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. again the Lord of Sabaoth, that is of Hosts, or of Powers, or of Lords; these argument, and assert, that That which is from such a Cause is not inferior to But how shall Wisdom stand in need of a teacher, or be incapable of acting unless taught? (d) begotten is a silent word of him that begat it. 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